A Flox

Capsule

250mg

Flucloxacillin

Acme Laboratories Ltd.

Unit Price: 5.66 BDT

Packsize: 48's pack

Precaution

Very high doses in poor renal function (risk of neurotoxicity) or heart failure. Avoid contact, skin sensitization may occur. Monitor serum potassium concentration, renal and haematological status. Spirochete infections particularly syphilis; suprainfection with penicillin-resistant organisms with prolonged use; avoid intrathecal route; elderly. Hepatic impairment.

Indication

Pneumonia, Burns, Meningitis, Endocarditis, Sinusitis, Septicaemia, Tonsillitis, Surgical Prophylaxis, Staphylococcal skin infections, Boils, Osteomyelitis, Enteritis, Wounds, Abscesses, Infected eczema, Infected acne

Adult Dose

Adults (including elderly patients): Oral: 250-500mg 3-4 times a day. Intravenous IV 0.25-1 g 4 times/day, may double in severe cases. Up to 8 g/day in 3-4 divided doses may be given for osteomyelitis. Up to 8 g/day in 4 divided doses for endocarditis in patients weighing <85 kg and 12 g/day in 6 divided doses for patients weighing >85 kg.

Child Dose

Children have been given doses of 12.5-25 mg/kg body weight 4 times a day. Intravenous 2-10 years: Half of adult dose Under 2 years: One fourth of adult dose

Renal Dose

Renal impairment: CrCl (ml/min) <10 Dosage adjustment may be necessary.

Administration

Should be taken on an empty stomach. Take on an empty stomach ½-1 hr before meals. Reconstitution: Dissolve 250-500 mg in 5-10 mL water for inj or 1 g in 15-20 mL water for inj. For IV infusion, further dilute in suitable IV fluids (e.g. water for inj, NaCl 0.9%, glucose 5%, NaCl 0.18% w/ glucose 4%).

Side Effect

Hypersensitivity reactions including urticaria; fever; joint pains; rashes; angioedema; serum sickness-like reactions; haemolytic anaemia; interstitial nephritis; neutropenia; thrombocytopenia; CNS toxicity including convulsions; diarrhoea; antibiotic-associated colitis; hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice; agranulocytosis; phlebitis (IV infusion). Potentially Fatal: Anaphylaxis. Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Interaction

May increase the risk of methotrexate toxicity. May decrease the efficacy of oestrogen-containing OC. Enhanced plasma concentrations w/ probenecid. Bacteriostatic drugs (e.g. chloramphenicol, tetracycline) may interfere w/ the bactericidal effect of flucloxacillin. May prolong bleeding time in patients on oral anticoagulants.